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Nov 29th, 2014 | | Exterior | Monuments | Portfolio | No Comments

Epsom War Memorial

Epsom War Memorial

Epsom War Memorial – credit War Memorials Online


The Epsom War Memorial is located at the junction of Ashley Road and Treadwell Road, in Epsom, Surrey. It is an eighteen feet tall Cornish granite Celtic Cross on a three tier base, accessed via a small flight of steps. The top tier was inscribed ‘To the Glory of God And’, the second tier ‘To the lasting honour of the men of Epsom who gave their lives in the Great War, 1914-1918′, and the bottom tier ‘Their reward also is with the Lord and the care of them is with the most high.’ The second tier was subsequently amended to include 1939-1945, and the neighbouring town of Ewell.

The cross was unveiled on 11th December 1921. After a service of dedication, Mr John Tryton, representing the memorial committee, asked two ex-servicemen, Stoker Petty Officer Arthur Whittington and Company Sergeant Major William John George Dumbrill to unveil the cross, which was draped with a Union Flag. As the flag fell away the Last Post was sounded by buglers, after which the crowd remained silent for two minutes. Prayers were said by the Rev. Bainbridge-Bell, and the hymn For All the Saints Who From Their Labours Rest was sung.

Epsom War Memorial
Epsom War Memorial


Thousands had subscribed to the memorial, and towards the end of the ceremony Mr Tryon turning to Councillor Chuter Ede said

“It is my duty and pleasure now to declare this memorial the gift of the subscribers to the town for ever, and to ask you and your colleagues and successors to maintain and keep it and treasure it as a memorial of the great war.”

Councillor Ede accepted the gift on behalf of the Council. The ceremony was concluded by the playing of the National Anthem, and relatives laying wreaths at the cross.

UPS Gates

University and Public Schools Gates


At this stage no names were displayed. It took another two years before the names of the fallen were added to the memorial, on a wall behind the cross. The wall has five panels for the names of the fallen, and includes gates in memory of the University and Public Schools (UPS) battalions who formed and trained in Epsom at the start of the war.1

On 8th June 1923 it was announced that a generous anonymous donor had offered

‘to defray the cost of putting the names of Residents who served and were killed in the war on a wall to be erected behind the War Memorial.’

The Council met on 17th July 1923 and Mr. W. H. Hatchard Smith, the Architect, from a list of 22 tenders for the wall and railing round the War Memorial,

‘recommended the acceptance of the tender of Messrs. Fenning & Co. Ltd., of Palace Wharf, Rainville Road, Hammersmith, W.6, as per design in best grey Cornish Granite, including four lengths of ornamental wrought iron railings 2′ 6″ high above coping consisting of 20 Panels with Rosette in centre of each of stock pattern, and painted four coats at Works, and all delivered and fixed complete, including foundation, for the sum of £530 0s. 0d.’

Panels

The Armistice Day ceremony in 1923 took place in front of the clock tower in Epsom High Street. There was gathered there a great crowd who had come to

‘pay homage to husbands, brothers, sons, sweethearts and comrades whose names are written on the town’s memorial to the ‘Glorious Dead’.’

The service started at a 10.45am. Hymns were sung, prayers were spoken and at 11am a two minutes silence was observed. Buglers played the Last Post and then the Reveille. The service concluded with The Lord’s Prayer, followed by the National Anthem.

Epsom War Memorial

The Commonwealth War Memorial in Epsom Cemetery – credit Epsom Guardian


It was not until 3pm that the wall bearing the names of the dead was unveiled. A large congregation formed up at the clock tower and marched to the Ashley Road memorial, and again hymns and prayers were sung and spoken. The wall was unveiled by Major-General Sir Edward Northey, after which many wreaths were laid at the foot of the cross, the Last Post and the Reveille were played and the National Anthem played.

Cross Section - Complete
Cross Section – Complete


I was asked to examine the railings and gates. It was interesting to note that all the panels bar one had been stripped at some stage and that information on the original scheme was only visible in a few of the samples (see above). More than anything this demonstrated (yet again) that one can neither make assumptions when sampling nor can one skimp on the samples – every element needs to be examined. It would have been so easy to take half a dozen samples, find that the panels had been stripped and report as much.

Cross Section - Incomplete
Cross Section – Incomplete


NOTES
1 The 16th (Service) Battalion (Public Schools) was all but wiped out on the first day of the Somme (1st July 1916) suffering 522 casualties – 22 officers and 500 other ranks.

This has been largely taken from the Epsom and Ewell History Explorer

I am also grateful to the Epsom Guardian and the Commonwealth War Graves Commission

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